CICD (Core International Crimes Database)



Provides up-to-date access to the leading judgments, decisions and opinions of more than 130 cases of core international crimes from international criminal tribunals according to the ICC Legal Requirements Framework.

  • Access international jurisprudence (judgments, decisions and opinions) of international tribunals, according to the legal requirements of core international crimes and liabilities of the ICC Statute;
  • Classify and deconstruct case law according to elements of crimes and liabilities as well as their means of proof;
  •  Search and save through innovative functions;
  • Customise to specific investigatory or adjudicatory frameworks.

Published excerpts of CICD:

International Criminal Law Guidelines: Command Responsibility, January 2016
International Criminal Law Guidelines: Command Responsibility, 2nd edition, November 2016


Legal Requirements Digest: International Case Law and Doctrine

The Legal Requirements Digest respond to these challenges by providing up-to-date analysis of the legal requirements of core international crimes, using international case law and doctrine on core international crimes and gross human rights violations. Unlike other directories, the Legal Requirements Digest use state of the art data management solutions to classify and deconstruct case law and doctrine, according to the means of proof and elements of crimes. This means that the applicable paragraphs of judgments are linked to the corresponding legal requirements, providing users with analysis of the means of proof, elements of crimes and modes of liability of legal practice before the international criminal tribunals. Such analysis is unique: it brings together the rigour of legal classifications with up-to-date access to relevant case-law, thereby increasing the usefulness of information provided on existing cases, and facilitating a hands-on understanding of the workings of the ICC.

Recognise the Distinct Elements of Crimes

Core international crimes – genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and aggression – consist of multiple layers of legal requirements, many of which may be unfamiliar to national criminal justice actors. The ICC organizes these layers into ‘Elements of Crimes’, moving from categories of ‘common elements’ that define the international crime component of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes, to the ‘specific elements’, which establish the underlying acts, such as killing, rape, enforced disappearance, or the conscription of child soldiers. The Legal Requirements Digest will clearly demonstrate the international jurisprudence on the definition of each of the crimes of the Statute, element by element, to improve knowledge, confidence and ownership of the requirements of ICC adjudication.

Understand the Means of Proof

Having recognised the common and specific elements of the crimes of the Statute, it is necessary to identify the facts and evidence that are required to be proven to the required evidentiary threshold. The Legal Requirements Digest analyses more than 500 judgments, decisions and orders from international criminal tribunals to identify the means of proof that were required for each and every element of crime. This will amount to extensive analysis, which is made easy to use through ‘smart’ IT references and searches.

Explore the Modes of Liabilities under International Criminal Law

The choice among different modes of perpetration of a crime is a subject of extensive academic and legal debate. CICD presents interpretation of different modes of international crimes perpetration including joint perpetration, ordering, joint criminal enterprise, aiding and abetting, and traces the evolution of these terms through the legal practice of international courts. The role which the accused played in the commission of crimes can be inferred from the position, experience, words and actions of the perpetrator. The users will understand how international tribunals classified on the roles of perpetrators of international crimes though numerous examples and incidents in the tribunals’ cases.

Project Team

CICD was developed by CMN Advisers and implemented in cooperation with the International Criminal Law and Human Rights Initiative (ICLHR Initiative).