Mexico: Training on Documentation of Gross Human Rights Violations

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Mexican Commission on the Defence and Promotion of Human Rights (CMDPDH) receives in-depth training on fact-finding and documentation

Between 22 and 31 August, more than 15 lawyers, analysts and IT technicians from CMDPDH received training on fact-finding and documentation of gross human rights violations that may amount to core international crimes. Training modules addressed (1) documentation under human rights and criminal law frameworks; (2) documentation within the ICC system of justice and (3) using the Investigation Documentation System (I-DOC).

National and international human rights mechanisms

Carla Sofía Loyo Martínez (CMDPDH) introduced the complaints procedures before the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) and the Inter-American and UN system of human rights to new lawyers and analysts. Attention was given to UN treaty bodies with mandates to address violations of extrajudicial killings, torture and enforced disappearances (the Human Rights Committee (HRC), the Committee against Torture (CAT) and the Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED)), including the individual complaints procedures of the HRC and CAT (Mexico is not subject to the individual complaints procedure of the CED).

National criminal justice mechanisms

Federico Rodríguez (CMDPDH) introduced the new lawyers and analysts to the criminal justice system in Mexico, addressing the key challenges that the criminal justice reform will pose on documentation and monitoring of cases.

International criminal justice mechanisms: International Criminal Court (ICC)

Dr Emilie Hunter (CMN Deputy Director) introduced the ICC system, focusing on the definition of crimes against humanity and its distinct legal requirements as well as the law, policy and phases of preliminary examinations. Sessions targeted the challenges, methods and practices of NGO documentation.

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Using I-DOC to document possible crimes against humanity 

Ilia Utmelidze (CMN Director) and Andreja Jerončič (CMN Project Officer/Adviser) guided lawyers, analysts and IT technicians through the structure and use of I-DOC. This included sessions on source types to identify the patterns and context of criminality, as well as different information collections on violations or incidents.

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Background

The training forms part of the IFF Toolkit in Mexico following the customisation agreement with CMDPDH.

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