Mexico

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INVESTIGATION AND FACT-FINDING TOOLKIT

The Investigation and Fact-Finding Toolkit for Mexico will be adapted and implemented between April 2014 and October 2016. It will be freely available to users in Spanish and English. Following the outcome of a broad consultation process, the Toolkit will prioritise investigation and fact-finding of crimes against humanity.

As a State Party of the ICC, Mexico is required to genuinely investigate and prosecute the individual perpetrators of crimes against humanity. Moreover, a State can incur responsibility for crimes against humanity before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR). The IFF Toolkit will contribute towards the investigation and prosecution of crimes against humanity under the ICC jurisprudence in Mexico, within the context of the comprehensive legal reforms that are underway.

The Investigation and Fact-Finding Toolkit will support national actors to strengthen their knowledge, skills and practices in investigating and documenting crimes against humanity. It will enable comprehensive mapping of individual violations as well as identification of patterns of violations in order to support the development of cases or complaints. In doing so, it will ensure that each of the legal requirements of crimes against humanity, either as a crime or as a human rights violation, is satisfied. The Toolkit will strengthen the evidentiary and fact-based content of investigations and recommendations and support national actors in understanding the different or overlapping legal and factual requirements of crimes against humanity under national and international legal frameworks, including state and federal law, the ICC Statute and the IACHR.

Consultation

To ensure the relevance of the IFF Toolkit, the country activities in Mexico will start with a nation-wide consultation process with government institutions, academics, NGOs and individuals. Within this process, the purpose of the IFF Toolkit, to simplify the complexity of compiling, organising and managing the documentation of an investigation, will be shared and the needs and requirements of potential users will be identified. The collaboration and feedback of the Mexican experts will be one of the most important aspects of the process. At the conclusion of the consultation process, the Mexico project team will identify groups and individuals who will advise on the adaptation and customisation of the IFF Toolkit.

Database: Adaptation and Customisation of Investigation Documentation System (I-DOC)

 

I-DOC will be adapted to specific legal frameworks that will be identified and agreed during the consultation process and will be provided in Spanish and English.

 

Publications

Several research-driven publications will support the IFF Toolkit in Mexico, to provide sustainable information and knowledge in support of the skills required to conduct effective fact-finding of the crimes against humanity.

This will include general publications such as:

  • Guidelines on international criminal law research
  • Legal requirements digest of crimes against humanity

As well as specific publications in support of the Mexico IFF Toolkit:

  • I-DOC user manual
  • Guidelines on the documentation of crimes against humanity in Mexico.

Services: Technical Assistance on Use of I-DOC

Organisations using the Mexican I-DOC will be provided with training and technical assistance on its use and application, as well as the specific requirements of crimes against humanity under the ICC Statute.

Services: Capacity Development on Investigating and Fact-Finding on Enforced Disappearances

A series of Capacity Development Partnerships will aim to develop the capacity of national organisations to conduct effective investigations and fact-finding into crimes against humanity in Mexico. The programmes will be agreed in consultation with the target groups and will focus on strengthening the pursuit of criminal accountability for crimes against humanity, within the various applicable national and international legal frameworks.

“The grave nature and quantity of some of the recent events in Mexico may make this seem like an overwhelming task. But it is not impossible. Other countries have faced similar challenges and have overcome them or are in the process of doing so.” Dr Dorothy Estrada-Tanck, former CMN National Adviser for Mexico.

Mexico Team

Emilie Hunter

Andreja Jerončič

Léa Rambaud

Ilia Utmelidze


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